The Newcastle metropolitan area is the second most populated
area in the Australian state of New South Wales and includes
most of the Newcastle and Lake Macquarie Local Government Areas.
It is the hub of the Greater Newcastle area which includes most
parts of the Local Government Areas of City of Newcastle, City
of Lake Macquarie, City of Cessnock, City of Maitland and Port
Stephens Council. Situated 162 kilometres (101 mi) NNE of Sydney,
at the mouth of the Hunter River, it is the predominant city
within the Hunter Region. Famous for its coal, Newcastle is
presently the largest coal exporting harbour in the world,
exporting over 97 Mt of coal in 2009-10 with plans to expand
annual capacity to 180 Mt by 2013. Beyond the city, the Hunter
Region possesses large coal deposits.