США Тигр Смитсоновский Национальный зоопарк Вашингтон
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Tiger Smithsonian National Zoological Park Washington United States

Смитсоновский Национальный зоологический парк (англ. Smithsonian National Zoological Park) располагается на 163 акрах земли на территории Рок Крик парка (Rock Creek National Park) в Вашингтоне, Округ Колумбия. Поскольку Национальный зоологический парк является частью Смитсоновского института, вход в него, как и во все Смитсоновские музеи Вашингтона, бесплатный.

В зоопарке содержится более 400 видов животных, наиболее популярными из которых являются панды, другие медведи, тигры, львы, жирафы и обезьяны. Кроме этого есть птицы, рыбы, рептилии, амфибии. Некоторые животные, которые содержатся в зоопарке, в природе находятся под угрозой уничтожения. У зоопарка большая территория, поэтому имеет смысл сначала взять карту и распланировать визит, рассчитывая на несколько часов пребывания.


The Smithsonian National Zoological Park, commonly known as the National Zoo, is one of the oldest zoos in the United States, and as part of the Smithsonian Institution, does not charge admission. Founded in 1889, its mission is to provide leadership in animal care, science, education, sustainability, and visitor experience. The National Zoo has two campuses. The first is a 163-acre (66 ha) urban park located in northwest Washington, D.C. that is 20 minutes from the National Mall by Metro to the Woodley Park station, or downhill walk from the Cleveland Park station. The other campus is the 3,200-acre (1,300 ha) Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute (SCBI; formerly known as the Conservation and Research Center) in Front Royal, Virginia. SCBI is a non-public facility devoted to training wildlife professionals in conservation biology and to propagating rare species through natural means and assisted reproduction. The National Zoo is accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA).

Altogether, the two facilities contain 2,000 animals of 400 different species. About one-fifth of them are endangered or threatened. Most species are on exhibit at the Zoo's Rock Creek Park campus. Its best known residents are its giant pandas, but the Zoo is also home to birds, great apes, big cats, Asian elephants, insects, amphibians, reptiles, aquatic animals, small mammals and many more. The SCBI facility houses between 30 and 40 endangered species at any given time depending on research needs and recommendations from the Zoo and the conservation community. The National Zoo, as part of the Smithsonian Institution, receives federal appropriations for operating expenses. A new master plan introduced for the park in 2008 designs to upgrade the park's exhibits and layout.

Friends of the National Zoo (FONZ), the Zoo's membership program, is the partner of the National Zoological Park that has been providing support to wildlife conservation programs at the Zoo and around the world since 1958. FONZ members receive free parking, discounts at the Zoo's stores and restaurants, and Smithsonian Zoogoer, an informative bimonthly magazine filled with the latest Zoo news, research and photos. FONZ's 40,000 members include about 20,000 families, largely in the Washington, D.C., metropolitan area, and volunteers number more than 1,000 individuals. FONZ provides guest services, development support, education and outreach programs, concessions management, and financial support for research and conservation. The National Zoo is open every day of the year except December 25 (Christmas Day). On occasion, it closes early or opens late to host special events.